BAGHDAD (AP) — Iraq's deadlocked parliament ended its second session after just 30 minutes Sunday without making any progress toward forming a new government that can unite the country and confront the Sunni militant blitz that has seized control of a huge chunk of the country.
The legislature is under pressure to quickly choose a new speaker of parliament, president and prime minister — the first steps toward a new government. The international community has urged lawmakers to overcome their divisions, while the United Nations has warned of chaos if the political impasse drags on for too long.
Hopes had been raised that lawmakers might at least vote on a speaker of parliament after Sunni blocs announced late Saturday that they had agreed on a candidate for the post, Salim al-Jubouri. But acting parliament speaker Mahdi al-Hafidh was forced to adjourn Sunday's brief meeting, he said, "due to the absence of any agreement on the names of the nominees for the three posts."
"There are still deep differences," he said. "We need more discussions to agree on the names."
He scheduled the next session for Tuesday.
The names aren't the only point of contention. There's also disagreement on whether to choose the speaker, president and prime minister individually, or to agree to all three as a sort of package deal — which has been the case in the past.
Under an informal arrangement that took hold after the 2003 U.S.-led invasion, the speaker's chair goes to a Sunni, the presidency to a Kurd and the prime minister's post to a Shiite. The greatest disagreement is over prime minister, the most powerful position in the country.
The incumbent, Nouri al-Maliki, has ruled the country since 2006 but is now under pressure to step aside. His government's inability to prevent the militant offensive over the past month has sapped public — and international — confidence in his ability to hold Iraq together.
Al-Maliki's opponents, and even many of his former allies, accuse him of trying to monopolize power and alienating the Sunni community, and are pushing him to not seek a third consecutive term. Al-Maliki has so far refused to withdraw his candidacy, and points to his State of Law bloc's capturing the most seats in April elections to claim he has a mandate.
The urgency for Iraq's lawmakers to bridge their differences and forge an agreement stems from the threat the nation faces from the Sunni militants who swept across much of northern and western Iraq over the past month, raising the prospect of an Iraq cut in three along ethnic and sectarian lines. The insurgents are led by the Islamic State extremist group, which has declared the establishment of an Islamic state ruled by Shariah law in the territory it has seized straddling the Iraq-Syria border.
The jihadi group has been joined in Iraq by an array of other Sunni militant factions, including the Army of the Men of the Naqshbandi Order — a collection of former members of Saddam Hussein's now-outlawed Baath party.
An audio recording purportedly from Naqshbandi leader Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri surfaced overnight, in which he hailed the militants' "historic victories" in recent weeks and reserved special praise for the Islamic State group.
"Our great Iraqi people along with their brave forces have achieved a great victory through a tough and bloody struggle since more than 11 years," the man reported to be al-Douri said in the nearly 15-minute recording. The authenticity of the recording could not be immediately confirmed, though it sounded like previous recordings made of al-Douri.
The fugitive al-Douri is the highest-ranking member of Saddam's toppled government who escaped the 2003 U.S.-led invasion and eluded security forces ever since. He is believed to have a significant role in the Naqshbandi Army, which proudly touts Saddam-era symbols on its website.
He was the "king of clubs" in the deck of playing cards issued by the U.S. to help troops identify the most-wanted members of Saddam's regime.
In the recording, he said the "liberation" of Ninevah and Salahuddin provinces, which the militants overran last month, and the ongoing fighting in Anbar, Diyala and Taamim provinces as well as the outskirts of Baghdad marked a "historic and great turning point in the nation's march of jihad to achieve its freedom and unity and to build prosperous future for coming generations."
He praised the tribal leaders and other militant groups who have taken part in the fighting, but especially "the heroes and the knights of al-Qaida and the Islamic State, to whom I send a special salutation full of appreciation and love."
The man purported to be al-Douri rejected Iraq's political process, calling it "dirty" and "a conspiracy" to serve the interests of the regional Shiite power, Iran.
"On that basis, all those who have their hands contaminated with this dirty process must abandon it and its supporters, repent and to join the revolutionaries," he said.
Iran has maintained close ties with successive Shiite-led governments in Iraq since the ouster of Saddam Hussein, a Sunni who oppressed the Shiites.